Hydraulic engineering encompasses a diverse range of applications, including water resources management, flood control, dam and levee design, and the development of sustainable urban drainage systems. CFD simulations are valuable tools for addressing a wide range of typical problems in hydraulic engineering:
- Pipeline flow analysis: Evaluating fluid flow in pipelines, including the effects of diameter, material, roughness, and flow rate on system performance.
- Head losses estimation: Assessing head losses caused by friction, pipe bends, and obstructions in hydraulic systems, and identifying potential improvements.
- Water elevations prediction: Modeling water elevations in dams, levees, and rivers under various conditions, such as extreme rainfall events or changes in riverbed geometry.
- Water distribution network optimization: Analyzing and optimizing water distribution networks to ensure adequate water supply, pressure, and flow rates throughout the system.
- Sediment transport and erosion: Investigating sediment transport processes and erosion in rivers, channels, and coastal areas to inform the design and maintenance of hydraulic structures.
- Turbulence and vortex analysis: Studying turbulent flow and vortex formation in hydraulic systems to predict and mitigate their impact on system performance and structural integrity.
- Cavitation prediction: Identifying areas susceptible to cavitation in pumps, turbines, and other hydraulic equipment, which can lead to performance degradation and equipment damage.
- Fluid-structure interactions: Analyzing the interactions between fluid flow and hydraulic structures, such as bridges, culverts, and offshore platforms, to ensure structural integrity and safety.